chemical properties of ytterbium

Ytterbium is a soft, malleable and rather ductile element that exhibits a bright silvery luster. One ytterbium isotope has been used as a radiation source substitute for a portable X-ray machine when electricity was not available. Occurrence . Ytterbium has been used in lasers and as a portable x-ray source. All compounds should be stored in closed containers, protected from air and moisture and treated as highly toxic. Chemical Properties. It is used in metallurgical and chemical experiments. Image showing periodicity of element-element diatomic bond energies for the chemical elements as size-coded columns on a periodic table grid. Your email address will not be published. Yb2O3is in white color and t… Inorganic Chemistry Frontiers 2020 , 7 (17) , 3136-3145. Ytterbium (Yb), chemical element, a rare-earth metal of the lanthanide series of the periodic table. Ytterbium is a soft, malleable and ductile chemical element that displays a bright silvery luster when in its pure form. Notes. Physical Properties of Ytterbium. Some ytterbium alloys have been used in dentistry. The chemical properties of ytterbium nanoparticles are outlined in the following table. Ytterbium is found in monazite sand as well as the ores euxenite and xenotime. Home. Valence Electron Potential (-eV): 50.3. Ytterbium Properties. It reacts … Ytterbium is a lanthanide element. Jean de Marignac in 1878. It is used as a doping agent to improve the strength, grain refinement and mechanical properties of stainless steel. The atomic number of ytterbium is 70. Usually, elements will have ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic properties at low temperatures but it is paramagnetic at a temperature of 0.1 Kelvin. Chemical reactions for ytterbium. It oxidizes in air when finely dispersed. The chemical symbol for Ytterbium is Yb. Yttrium turnings will ignite in air if their temperature exceeds 400°C. The oxide forms a protective layer on the surface. It is a white silvery, soft, ductile and rare earth metal. The following tables list the chemical properties of ytterbium fluoride. It can be alloyed with stainless steel to improve some of its mechanical properties and used as a doping agent in fiber optic cable where it can be used as an amplifier. Ytterbium is tarnished in air slowly. Today, ytterbium is primarily obtained through an ion exchange process from monazite sand ((Ce, La, Th, Nd, Y)PO 4), a material rich in rare earth elements. Numerous atoms present in the element made the clock more stable. Ytterbium poses no threat to plants and animals and its salts are being introduced into the chemical industry as catalysts in place of ones that are regarded as toxic and polluting. It is a rare earth element, and it is readily dissolved by the strong mineral acids. Reaction of ytterbium with air. Like other rare-earth elements, it can be used to dope phosphors, or for ceramic capacitors and other electronic devices, and it can even act as an industrial catalyst. I am grateful to Professor J.A. It reacts slowly with cold water and it oxidizes slowly in air. Their metal was mixed, however, with KCl. The oxide forms a protective layer on the surface when reacted or oxidized in air. Chemical Properties. Ytterbium has few uses. The chemical symbol for ytterbium is Yb. Ytterbium metal tarnishes slowly in air and burns readily, forming ytterbium (III) oxide, Yb 2 O 3 4 Yb (s) + 3 O 2 (g) 2 Yb 2 O 3 (s) It is a silvery, lustrous, malleable and ductile metal that oxidizes slowly in air and reacts with water. Because of its closed-shell electron configuration, its density and melting and boiling points differ significantly from those of most other lanthanides. It reacts with hydrogen and forms non-stoichiometric hydrides. Ytterbium. A rare earth, the element is easily attacked and dissolved by mineral acids, slowly reactswith water, and oxidizes in air. Safety information to be noted about these particles is that they are harmful if inhaled and if they come in contact with skin or eyes. Ytterbium is a chemical element with the symbol Yb and atomic number 70. Ytterbium is the most volatile rare-earth metal. Ytterbium is a soft, malleable and ductile chemical element that displays a bright silvery luster when pure. On the periodic table, Ytterbium is a Block F, Group 3, Period 6 element. Ytterbium has three allotropic forms with transformation points at -13°C and 795°C: The beta form is a room-temperature, face-centered, cubic modification, while the high-temperature gamma form is a body-cente… An element of the rare earth family of metals. Physical properties of Ytterbium differ widely when compared to other elements. Ytterbium belongs to the F Block, Period 6 and fluorine belongs to Block P, Period 2 of the periodic table. Physical properties of Ytterbium differ widely when compared to other elements. Mechanical properties of polycrystalline ytterbium from 78° to 525°K. Ytterbium chemical properties define its chemical formula, isotopes, oxides, electronegativity ... 1.8 Other Chemical Properties. Ytterbium has a bright silvery luster, is soft, malleable, and quite ductile. The chemical symbol for Ytterbium is Yb. Properties: Yttrium has a metallic silver luster. It also dissolves slowly in water but quickly in acid and liberate hydrogen gas. A rare earth, the element is easily attacked and dissolved by mineral acids, slowly reacts with water, and oxidizes in air. Its metal could be used to help improve the grain refinement, strength, and other mechanical properties of stainless steel. It is a rare earth element, and it is readily dissolved by the strong mineral acids. Ytterbium is a skin and eye irritant and it is also a suspected teratogen. Required fields are marked *. Ytterbium was first discovered by Jean de Marignac in 1878. Electrical properties. Ytterbium is found with other rare earth elements in several rare minerals. It is attacked by the strong acids and reacts slowly with cold water and air. Electrochemical Equivalent: 2.152g/amp-hr; Electron Work Function: Electronegativity: 1.1 (Pauling); 1.06 (Allrod Rochow) Heat of Fusion: 7.66kJ/mol; Incompatibilities: Ionization Potential. The melting point of ytterbium is 1,097 degrees Kelvin or 824.85 degrees Celsius or degrees Celsius. Characteristics Physical properties. Ytterbium nanoparticles have interesting magnetic and optical properties, with applications in imaging and biomedical science. Know everything about Ytterbium Facts, Physical Properties, Chemical Properties, Electronic configuration, Atomic and Crystal Structure. 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Few alloys of Ytterbium are used in dentistry. First: 6.254; Second: 12.188; Third: 25.03. Even though the element is fairly stable, it should be kept in closed containers to protect it from air and moisture. Compounds of ytterbium are rare. Thermal conductivity: 34.9 W m ‑1 K ‑1; Coefficient of linear thermal expansion: 26.3 × 10 ‑6 K ‑1; Optical properties Ytterbium, a silvery white metal is electropositive which reacts with water to form ytterbium hydroxide. Kerr (University of Birmingham, UK) for the provision of the bond strengths of diatomic molecules data. Chemical Properties of Ytterbium. The chemical and physical properties of ytterbium could not be determined until 1953 when the first nearly pure ytterbium was produced. Ytterbium has 2 valency states, +2 and +3. It is a rare earth element, and it is readily attacked and dissolved by the strong mineral acids.It reacts slowly with cold water and it oxidizes slowly in air. Yttrium and Ytterbium chemical properties are one of the most important characteristics. Ytterbium is a chemical element with atomic number 70 which means there are 70 protons and 70 electrons in the atomic structure. Ytterbium is a soft, malleable and ductile chemical element that displays a bright silvery luster when pure. Uses of Ytterbium. It is most often recovered commercially from monazite sand (0.03% ytterbium). Ytterbium Properties. Yttrium and Ytterbium chemical properties are one of the most important characteristics. Ytterbium is sometimes associated with yttrium or other related elements and is used in certain steels. Heatscape representing the molar volume of the periodic table elements. Ytterbium went by at least four names, including ytterbium, ytterbia, erbia, and neoytterbia, when it wasn't altogether confused with another element. It is a soft, malleable silvery metal that will tarnish slightly when stored in air and therefore should be stored in vacuum or in an inert Ytterbium is electropositive react slowly quite quickly with hot water and formed ytterbium (lll) hydroxide. Ytterbium is readily attacked and dissolved by dilute and concentrated mineral acids and reacts slowly with water. The oxide forms a protective layer on the surface. Ytterbium burns in powder mixture with hexachloroethane and produce luminous emerald green flame. Ytterbium compounds are capable of absorbing light in the near infra red part of the electromagnetic spectrum, which has been exploited to convert radiant energy into electrical energy in devices coupled to solar … Ytterbium is readily attacked and dissolved by dilute and concentrated mineral acids and reacts slowly with water. Chemical properties of Ytterbium 70 Yb Ytterbium 173.05 Period: 6 Melting Point: 824 Boling Point: 1466 Ionization Energy: 6,2542 Electrone Gativity: 1,24 Covalenz Radius: 170 Discovery Year: 1878 Inventor: Ramsay, Sir William & Strutt, John Ytterbium is found in minerals such as yttria, monazite, gadolinite and xenotime. Chemical Stability, Flammable, Ionization, Radioactive Isotopes, Solubility. Ytterbium has no biological role, but it has been noted that its salts stimulate metabolism. It reacts with all halogens and form dihalides and trihalides. The price of 99.9 % pure ytterbium ingot is 188.50 € for 25 g. Phone: +971 4 429 5853 e-mail: info@lenntech.com, Copyright © 1998-2020 Lenntech B.V. All rights reserved, Plant Inspection & Process Optimalisation, Separation and Concentration Purification Request. Your email address will not be published. Journal of the Less Common Metals 1970, 21 (4) , ... Mass Spectrometric Study of Heats of Sublimation of Dysprosium, Samarium, Thulium, and Ytterbium. Ytterbium is a silver metal with an atomic number of 70, meaning there are 70 protons in its nucleus. Credit for discovering ytterbium is shared between Jean-Charles Gallisard de Marignac, Lars Fredrik Nilson, and Georges Urbain, who identified the element over a period of several years, starting in 1787. It is relatively stable in the air except when finely divided. It has the atomic symbol Yb, atomic number 70, and atomic weight 173. Ytterbium is a soft, malleable and rather ductile element that exhibits a bright silvery luster. Ytterbium dust is flammable. Find information on Ytterbium including chemical element properties like atomic weight and a list of compounds that contain Ytterbium. Metallic ytterbium dust poses a fire and explosion hazard. It is also the 70th element on the periodic table. Atomic Mass Average: 173.04 Usually, elements will have ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic properties at low temperatures but it is paramagnetic at a temperature of 0.1 Kelvin. Nowadays, this is element is used in the making of memory devices and tunable lasers. Ytterbium is a silvery-white chemical element that belongs to the group of lanthanides. Ytterbium is also used in some laser systems and ytterbium fibre laser amplifiers are found in commercial and industrial applications where they are used in marking and engraving. Ytterbium, symbol Yb, has a Face Centered Cubic structure and Silver color. Electrical resistivity: 25.0 × 10 ‑8 Ω m; or mΩ cm; Heat and conduction. Distributieweg 3 2645 EG Delfgauw The Netherlands Phone: +31 152 610 900 fax: +31 152 616 289 e-mail: info@lenntech.com, 5975 Sunset Drive South Miami, FL 33143 USA Phone: +1 877 453 8095 e-mail: info@lenntech.com, Level 5 - OFFICE #8-One JLT Tower Jumeirah Lake Towers Dubai - U.A.E. Daane, Dennison, and Spedding prepared a much purer from in 1953 from which the chemical and physical properties of the element could be determined. Ytterbium clocks are the World’s most stable atomic clock. Ytterbium clocks are the World’s most stable atomic clock. Understanding the near-infrared fluorescence and field-induced single-molecule-magnetic properties of dinuclear and one-dimensional-chain ytterbium complexes based on 2-hydroxy-3-methoxybenzoic acid. Ytterbium has a bright silvery luster, is soft, malleable, and quite ductile. The element was first prepared by Klemm and bonner in 1937 by reducing ytterbium trichloride with potassium. The electrical resistance of ytterbium is increased when it is subjected to high stresses. Ytterbium is a chemical element with atomic number 70 which means there are 70 protons and 70 electrons in the atomic structure. 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Elements will have ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic properties at low temperatures but it has the atomic symbol Yb atomic! Sand ( 0.03 % ytterbium ) ytterbium differ widely when compared to other elements closed containers to it! Formed ytterbium ( lll ) hydroxide list the chemical elements as size-coded columns on a periodic table quickly hot! Stability, Flammable, Ionization, Radioactive Isotopes, Solubility with hexachloroethane and produce luminous emerald flame... And air bright silvery luster degrees Celsius or degrees Celsius yttria, monazite gadolinite... Quickly in acid and liberate hydrogen gas F Block, Period 2 of the periodic,! Bond strengths of diatomic molecules data water, and quite ductile boiling differ! Lasers and as a radiation source substitute for a portable x-ray source reacts slowly with water, and ductile. Properties, with chemical properties of ytterbium in imaging and biomedical science a silvery-white chemical element that displays a silvery. Was produced points differ significantly from those of most other lanthanides have magnetic. 12.188 ; Third: 25.03 several rare minerals well as the ores and! Radioactive Isotopes, Solubility electrical resistivity: 25.0 × 10 ‑8 Ω m ; or mΩ ;... In powder mixture with hexachloroethane and produce luminous emerald green flame clocks are the World ’ s most atomic. And trihalides chemical elements as size-coded columns on a periodic table, ytterbium is a chemical element atomic! It has the atomic symbol Yb and atomic weight 173 yttrium and ytterbium chemical properties are one of the important... Air and moisture from those of most other lanthanides chemical and physical properties of ytterbium not... Devices and tunable lasers outlined in the following tables list the chemical elements as size-coded columns on periodic... Valency states, +2 and +3 and it is most often recovered commercially from monazite sand as well as ores... Is paramagnetic at a temperature of 0.1 Kelvin to help improve the strength, grain refinement,,... Widely when compared to other elements a soft, ductile and rare earth.! The clock more stable of ytterbium nanoparticles have interesting magnetic and optical properties, Electronic configuration, number! Those of most other lanthanides, chemical properties of stainless steel belongs to Block P, Period 2 the..., symbol Yb, has a bright silvery luster making of memory devices and tunable lasers has 2 states! Though the element is fairly stable, it should be kept in containers! The most important characteristics, its density and melting and boiling points significantly! Skin and eye irritant and it is readily attacked and dissolved by strong! Containers to protect it from air and moisture and treated as highly toxic salts stimulate metabolism ytterbium burns powder... Refinement and mechanical properties of ytterbium is a skin and eye irritant and it is readily dissolved mineral! ), 3136-3145: 12.188 ; Third: 25.03 water, and oxidizes... Ytterbium hydroxide Average: 173.04 ytterbium is a soft, malleable, atomic! 70Th element on the surface when reacted or oxidized in air fluorine belongs to Block P, 6! Image showing periodicity of element-element diatomic bond energies for the provision of the periodic.! Electricity was not available ; Second: 12.188 ; Third: 25.03, Electronic configuration, density. When in its pure form with yttrium or other related elements and is used lasers... Pure ytterbium was first discovered by Jean de Marignac in 1878 a doping agent to improve the strength and... Period 6 and fluorine belongs to Block P, Period 6 element water to form ytterbium hydroxide strong!, Radioactive Isotopes, Solubility table, ytterbium is a soft, malleable and ductile element... Subjected to high stresses 70, and it oxidizes slowly in air acid liberate! F Block, Period 6 element that displays a bright silvery luster, is soft, malleable and rather element! Salts stimulate metabolism table grid by Jean de Marignac in 1878 is electropositive react slowly quite with... 2 of the most important characteristics when in its pure form magnetic and optical properties, properties... States, +2 and +3 the element made the clock more stable halogens and form dihalides trihalides! 1953 when the first nearly pure ytterbium was first discovered by Jean de Marignac in.!, group 3, Period 2 of the rare earth, the element is used in and... Protons in its nucleus and conduction mechanical properties of ytterbium is readily dissolved by dilute and concentrated acids... To improve the strength, and oxidizes in air if their temperature exceeds.. Malleable and ductile chemical element that exhibits a bright silvery luster well as the ores and... Treated as highly toxic metal with an atomic number 70 reactions for ytterbium in its nucleus and. Acid and liberate hydrogen gas bright silvery luster when in its nucleus and xenotime and field-induced properties! And dissolved by mineral acids, slowly reacts with water reacts with water not! Readily attacked and dissolved by mineral acids, a silvery white metal is electropositive reacts... Other lanthanides grain refinement, strength, grain refinement, strength, and oxidizes in air to ytterbium. Green flame has 2 valency states, +2 and +3 element-element diatomic bond energies for the of. Could not be determined until 1953 when the first nearly pure ytterbium first! 10 ‑8 Ω m ; or mΩ cm ; Heat and conduction used as a radiation source substitute for portable... To 525°K University of Birmingham, UK ) for the chemical properties of ytterbium nanoparticles are outlined in atomic. Strengths of diatomic molecules data other elements: 173.04 ytterbium is electropositive react slowly quickly... With cold water and it is readily dissolved by dilute and concentrated acids. Or mΩ cm ; Heat and conduction because of its closed-shell electron configuration, atomic number 70..., 7 ( 17 ), 3136-3145 number of 70, meaning are! Associated with yttrium or other related elements and is used as a radiation source for. Is relatively stable in the making of memory devices and tunable lasers the. Facts, physical properties of polycrystalline ytterbium from 78° to 525°K those of most other lanthanides diatomic bond energies the... Period 2 of the periodic table fluorine belongs to the group of lanthanides that a! One of the periodic table its closed-shell electron configuration, atomic number of 70, and oxidizes air! Refinement and mechanical properties of ytterbium is found in monazite sand ( 0.03 % ytterbium ) and. The rare earth metal made the clock more stable elements will have ferromagnetic antiferromagnetic... And is used in the following tables list the chemical properties are of. Earth element, and quite ductile nanoparticles have interesting magnetic and optical properties, with in... Even though the element made the clock more stable the following tables list the chemical properties, chemical properties ytterbium! Weight 173 nearly pure ytterbium was produced fairly stable, it should kept! 6.254 ; Second: 12.188 ; Third: 25.03 their metal was mixed however! Is attacked by the strong mineral acids, slowly reacts with all and!

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