american holly bark description

It flowers in late spring, and its red berries persist throughout the winter. It is native to the eastern and central U.S., most frequently found in moist woods, forest bottomlands and swamp peripheries plus some coastal dunes (e.g., Cape Cod down the Atlantic Coast) from Massachusetts to West Virginia to Ohio to southeastern Missouri south to Texas and Florida. Male trees pollinate female trees. The arrangement of the leaves is alternate. Description American Holly is an evergreen tree that may grow 40 to 60 feet tall. Plants grow best in low, acid pH soils in part shade. Tree with wide spreading branches and pale gray bark. Holly's range also extends inland as far as eastern Texas. The bark is smooth and a light white-grey color. smooth white or grayish bark. Their flowers are very similar in appearance; they have four to six small white petals. The spiny dark green, evergreen, 2- t… DESCRIPTION AND GROWTH Sizes of American holly vary considerably, from bushy shrubs to small 40- to 50-foot-tall trees on to moderately-sized trees of 60 to 70 feet in height and 2 feet in diameter. With indistinct, fine grain, the wood of holly displays no figure. Its prickly leaves are a dark green color. American holly Aquifoliaceae Ilex opaca Aiton symbol: ILOP Leaf: Alternate, simple, evergreen, elliptical, 2 to 4 inches long, spiny toothed margin, thickened and leathery, shiny dark green above, much paler below. 0000011885 00000 n American holly is one of the easiest trees to recognize. ��'uO�8��-��x�ىa&�� �rbg�F�(t����a���u�ϰ�ꡁx:�(�� If planted in the right conditions and decently cared for some hollies can live up to 100 years or longer. The branchlets are stout, green at first and covered with rusty down, later smooth and brown. The Holly plant does grow pretty slow, but can eventually attain a height of around 30-50 feet in a compact pyramid shape. In the northern range, flowering starts closer to June. It is a deer-resistant tree. Typically, its trunk diameter reaches 50 cm (20 in), sometimes up to 120 cm (47 in). This article originally appeared in the February 2014 issue of the HGIC eNewsletter. Older trees feature wart-like outgrowths. Description American holly normally grows to heights of 15 to 30 feet tall, but records indicate mature heights of up to 100 feet. In perfect conditions, the holly tree can actually grow to a height of 100 feet, but in poor soil locations, such as along the shore, it will only reach shrub height. 6,Һ3^�)&��`���x�Q�b? endstream endobj 132 0 obj<>/Size 105/Type/XRef>>stream Description: Evergreen tree with smooth, leathery leaves. On older trees, trunk bark is light gray, shallowly furrowed, and warty, otherwise it is light gray and more smooth. This tree produces orange fruits which are popular for many animals including humans, opossums and foxes. Bark is smooth and light-gray. American holly : Ilex opaca. A tea made from the leaves has been used as a treatment for measles, colds etc. The bark of holly tends to be patternless, rough-textured, and medium gray, often with a tinge of olive. The coloration of the surrounding bark is light, even grey with tinges of crimson. Jack Spruill, 6/29/09, Albemarle Sound. The texture of the leaf blades is stiff and leathery. While the American holly normally maintains heights between 15 and 25 feet, it can reach heights of up to 60 feet when grown in a sufficiently moist location. 0000009447 00000 n A comparison of the leaves of different hollies. Holly trees are dioecious, meaning they have male and female flowers. The tree has alternate leaves with spiny toothed and sometimes smooth margins. ��v�~��,l��K��9l�vn_V�����)o^�% v�� ���ϯ&i�D�D]&��&����ꅬ��ߓd��v8������m�N In the tree's southern range, flowering starts in April. 0000001190 00000 n However, this coloration often is covered by a thin lichen that appears as curved black lines. 105 0 obj <> endobj Description: This single-trunked tree is typically 30-60' tall at maturity, forming a rounded pyramidal crown from a dense network of short crooked branches. x�bb�g`b``��� �� The American holly is native to the eastern United States. Holly trees can grow in a wide variety of soils, from wetlands to dry, sandy mediums. 0000008630 00000 n June 13, 2002. gy��Y�ʏ�O�� �.l�@|��m��җ�����rO6�o�h>CN�c�uE�]螑��P������gd&(���]>�(�M�5@;�^|�9̽��q����%�+�` ��Q Its tiny, greenish-white flowers blooming May-June provide a nectar source for honeybees and butterflies. This bark becomes covered in wartlike growths as the trees age. 0 endstream endobj 124 0 obj<>stream It has a tendency toward horizontal growth, which gives it a pyramid shape. Holly, genus of some 600 species of shrubs and trees in the family Aquifoliaceae, distributed nearly worldwide. They are 6-12 mm in diameter and are usually red in color. A popular landscape plant since the beginning of American history, this broad-leafed evergreen has served a variety of uses through the years. xref Yields red, berry-like fruit popular with a variety of birds (but somewhat toxic for humans). American holly are unique in their vast range; they are native from southern Massachusetts to central Florida, and can be found as far west as eastern Texas. Its trunk can reach a diameter of 20 inches. 0000077171 00000 n The plant will not flower until it is between four to seven years old. The dense branches of … endstream endobj 121 0 obj<>stream Description, photos and flowering time of American holly in Arkansas. The berries are an important food source for birds in the cold months of the year. Some distinctive things about this tree are the oblong-shaped leaves and thick, square-like bark. H�|TMo�0��W�(�+َ� E���aź�������v ��د)'�WҋE������›�@JAV���>�8�l�����X��%/�.y1�D� ��مw�y�g�^�����������tA���;�2 Growth rate is poor, and American holly may take from 100 to 150 years to mature. �Ke����)���@u!��9���_gOe�(~�轵"������ In color, they are glossy and green, and they remain green through the winter season. The thick, green, spiny leaves, and the clustered red berries contrast beautifully with the soft, white snow. Often I can tell the sex of the American Holly by examining its leaves. H�tUmo�6��_q�!�E���bi� � �Y�C��M���y���;Ǝ��r��T �9�*S�e�E�����3�� ���%�ť���eZ��%͎��X%�az~U9xk7�G�_�]�RBS��z�i%�cO�&�M������l��A�TY\��:�T��r��u���O���I�rH�Hr������Tpw�4U�h�e��UM_�*KZG����#�{7���]Z��a�p>�df� ���X��������ʪ�S"@��/e̮���:PL�|�0{]\��qh�����\ɭj��J��RU�u�C��'�V�,�}�=������y�~mL�ҙ�L��N�sH�=ɡ���n{��-�,�@G�|2�9a>��Fń������>ݬ������~$��Y|Ϟ~e:�yAyT~f/j�.��"�"u��Ch�z��������h1�o���B4�l�3\:�aW� u����:S8�/ذ9^7�&�������{�)�,�#�ȴ����z�]l�6O76�!�� �ې�^M:�.�*�\ٓ�� ���~�1����~8Fp(����yhc��`�c�%�!Y. They appear in clusters along the stems of the tree. Privacy policy. �~0�tI#6Q�>�km�!s�uG�b�qC��A�w�>�3��_�;�?������n-��)�����5't��J�9G�K&nO�'G=ٶ�z}���۾�s�`u>h6�c/ 9>�;�]�=��x��0����N�Y��`5]��D�}o���v����%��;7�a��E�V]i��UK4��V�T�ɚ��a�lV���� �#�p�h}^ @������UGݚ�D�5��f�����@�n��ڴ�my��*m�������[pF�����; They ripen from September to December and remain on the tree for the winter. Branch bark is also light green and relatively smooth. Leaves are alternate, simple, thick, leathery, elliptical, 1½ to 3 inches long; wavy-edged with large, sharp, spine-tipped teeth; upper surface dark green, dull, smooth; lower surface paler green, smooth to somewhat hairy. Author: Sara Tangren, Ph.D. Introduction: American holly is a broad-leaf evergreen with a beautiful shape, but with a variety of insect and disease problems.The tree offers clusters of red berries that persist throughout fall and winter. However, this coloration often is covered by a thin lichen that appears as curved black lines. 0000001662 00000 n 0000004368 00000 n Weighing in at about 36 lbs. 0000000016 00000 n The holly tree’s growth period takes place in spring and summer, with the green-white blooms appearing between April and June. Grow it in a well-drained soil, but keep the soil moist. endstream endobj 120 0 obj<>stream H��UMo�0��W�( �kَE���b̷b%Ql���j��׏��4X�b+EQ��{L��T����Ƀ���D�{������NFJ��T@���O�p��1H% ߞ�@�vG�3�D�XС�-yu8��|��`|��Y)�����DI�$��j 4��T�!Ӆ�(�(��鲡����Z�� o����S�o�Hg�Ck�w�O�A=f�[�� r���g�d�[����8�e�h�; zU K49Jk���Y��Z�l��?�o��te!6���\�_aJG(�҉Zڶ!|�g��&�n����5L��������� ��W7h��&�U���j=I(��[R���35+�,\�8ɓ�� ���}2��d�z�/p:����)Ks(f�8O��K�2�0/��jgLG�{2�V׼A��o�oHQ��u��C��9A���k American holly. Holly bark is light gray or white. The bark is light gray, roughened by small warty lumps. per cubic foot dry, holly rates as moderately heavy and hard, but not strong. However, male flowers appear in clusters, where as female flowers appear singlularly along the branches. The leaves of American holly are stiff and dark green, with sharp points on the margins. 0000010341 00000 n Bark on a very old tree. The holly tree's "berries" are really four seeded drupes. Bees, moths, yellow-jackets, and other insects perform pollination. 0000006928 00000 n American holly is a broad-leaved evergreen tree reaching 40 to 50 feet high, densely pyramidal in youth becoming more open and symmetrically conical with age. Features leathery leaves that are 2–4" long, maintain their green color year-round, and are sharply tipped on the margins. Holly trees have small protrusions of wood within their bark giving it a knotted look. American holly is a beautifully shaped tree, with a symmetrical, dense, wide pyramidal form. 0000011147 00000 n The bark is gray-white in color and may be splotched or warty. The spiny, dull green leaves are accented with clusters of red berries which persist throughout the fall and winter. ���F�ƸXf?�ȼ�ggΎQ���R�h62�nm`��1�0�3X�$�$ܰa�2�̊ݽ1�`,�L�J�}J�e��v捎�՘���)E;�Q ]mp\�n�q���Q���ж��k�4,)��u�#��$c2�-dm��>��py6=�B�G�ԬV�����80T�eݿmz(�X�U&����D���2-L� ��'�(�_y��> Ilex opaca is a medium-sized broadleaved evergreen tree growing on average to 10–20 m (33–66 ft) tall, and up to 30 m (98 ft) tall. Scientific Name: Ilex opaca Male and female flowers are on separate trees, so trees of both sexes must be located within the same area to ensure fruit production. Male and female flowers appear on separate trees and trees of both sexes must be located in the same neighborhood to ensure production of berries on the female plants. Attributes. This species is easily identified because it is the only native U.S. h… Usage Requirements. Several species are cultivated as ornamentals for their distinctive foliage and red or black fruits, which persist into winter and are popular Christmas decorations. The bark of it is smooth, and grayish to grayish-brown. �#D+t��I.��!�Y�~O{5��z�_� I do not know if it is a male or female. H�|T�n�0��+�H���E��sh�A���(���ȒA�6���]��&�A�r����S���7��)�En��yH���997Ot{{�8��������ݧ�M��PZ8���!21k�8�����R��R�P ©J.S. The American holly tree is an evergreen. The leaves are oval in shape, and pointed spines extend from the edges. American holly is a slow grower and typically matures to a height of 30 feet (but may be taller in the wild). Most types bear red or orange berries. Larger trees, to a maximum of 100 feet by 4 feet, have been recorded. �W.�nDz�-p&^#�ü��ܖ1�4v�0ញA��jb�(��R�6+�^� 0�=���GT8���ET��^��J��w��2�[��E�^cb�w"�-P�#1@K���8�D]�d�e�J�=�o��,)��X(h_�� :����~�ݣL���X�CZ�X&pw���ơ6�$_]�Ԩ�p�#f��(K�Uы�p0���GW,f��� ����2y�� Tucked away a few steps from Hillhouse Ave this Ilex opaca is a pillar of Christmas time cheer amid a small group of deciduous and evergreen trees. While it can grow in partial shade, you will achieve denser growth if you give it full sun. Seasonal development, flowering period of American holly and general distribution in Arkansas 0000007753 00000 n �T�vv �b�N����ֵ�/r�&��̼��B�\�ռ���B��`���q,��,�C��Ɨ�[7����p-#�����涨}��aV��;�P��F�Ю��{��p���]\�m�8��S�ѧp�}���A�n�祟x�sZ-h��)���e�.ǨL+�lڕ�4�e!�bU��� W�av/`��N%�' The bark is grayish brown color and is smooth. However, there are also smaller twigs that extend from the central branch and also bear leaves. Scientists have actually looked into why these leaves are prickly in the American Holly's cousin- … This tree is also a host plant for butterfly and moth larvae (caterpillars), including Henry’s Elfin (Callophrys henrici). Holly timber is a creamy white color heartwood with a greenish-gray cast. 0000001821 00000 n endstream endobj 123 0 obj<>stream Their covering gives them a smooth, waxy feel on touch. 0000005229 00000 n After fermentation, the bark can be used as a bug repellent. H�lT��� ��W��85��l��vz�Cۙ�����͔�v���W����B����|yJ�m���5��A9A The upper blade surface is yellowish green or green and somewhat shiny, while the lower surface is more pale and dull; both sides of the blade are hairless. 0000005152 00000 n The bark is quite thin and easily removed. Leaves (5-10 cm or 2-4 in) have many spine-tipped teeth, dull green above and yellow-green beneath. USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center (NPDC). 0000000892 00000 n %%EOF 0000003548 00000 n American holly is a small- to medium-sized evergreen tree or shrub, with short, crooked branches and a rounded or pyramidal crown. It has a fine texture with an irregular grain pattern. 0000001361 00000 n �ڪ;@C���`���|�慆Abr/��F� �'L�� �|y��ՁPD@+E�amh X��+��>�:���2�8�C���0�s�� 88S�Fo��o(sꨬ�*&b�Hv�������Zn�|^ '?�Y&�r�i�_��9�L>���z?��}#{� W���:� ��3è+��١���! The American Indians used preserved holly berries as decorative buttons and were much sought after by other tribes who bartered for them. 0000002206 00000 n <<9BD6AFD2BA0F05469FE443F704F2AD74>]>> Stipple engraving showing leaves and fruit on a branch of American holly (Ilex opaca), an evergreen tree in the family Aquifoliaceae native to North America.This tree is described as follows by the author: The American holly, in its pyramidical shape and in its brilliant evergreen foliage, bears a striking resemblance to the European species, Ilex aquifolium. 0000014555 00000 n Most of the leaves extend from the central stem of the branch. 0000004896 00000 n endstream endobj 122 0 obj<>stream The dark green, elliptical leaves have several spiny teeth along the leaf margin. 0000003120 00000 n They are used in the treatment of children's diarrhoea, colic and indigestion. �Ro��k����d�ׁ�Ze��8�^�h@�kapp�9i餶�t�~��j�8(3/���X�VÓ�x ��` ��D�"z�����WC�*��m�p�����+�K���};Yz��l�Nj�ڭ��#�A�������=u1Ep��ٰ�V�?Sk�4�(7KY���� >O�%璺��a��f!,I/,ULJe%Y�}sƔ�Q��u�%F � � TہԜ��A���@$�?��̮����9����$0�)u�mP�,+(��U bs�X���� �tf��敺���yu�D]���,Ƕ�h���qm�������/��\5F��k�W�o%2\@�� 4A%� �f Medicinal use of American Holly: The berries are laxative, emetic and diuretic. Russian olive tree bark is red-brown and fissured, with long strips peeling off of it. A pyramid-shaped evergreen tree with spines on its foliage, American holly blooms in May or June (depending on where you live). The winter buds are brown, short, obtuse or acute. Leaves leathery, evergreen, elliptic to elliptic-ovate, 4-10 cm long, 2-5 cm wide, with few to many spine-tipped teeth, margins revolute. (���50K��j1}W��P��s&��cq�H���w��q��9oz����?�Ç���Iӧ@w�v\Bv _�xW�\Y%i��s�}�!�6�!93f��(e���W�Zck�I��H%�D�J#q�>PF��x����l���J���T��贻�m���]��%�55��ל�l2`n���ƥ���5�����0����r��6�i�Sݖu�["�7=�[��ڭձ���Ч⧓{��S���8T�@S�zm�����O�a>�6�� j�%7qOH�J��Ե<1�rc�i���;ʺvg�a�39`Ŗf�ݣ�A���b'W�lT��1��ց�/��5�A�#��ǡv�H�I�`�;|�X8�̈́���Ʀ����k�Dܓ\�I� ��I�����F����5�m��-��&�ܾ��l��!��" q]��l�:�9]7.��߀ܘ��u7�7����Rc+W�j(�PR�'�^ w`�{g�0 ����e���JDj�`/� �0 �a�B American holly has smooth bark when it is young. Our only similar species is Chinese Holly (Ilex cornuta) , which has … There are beech trees along the Nature Trail that have been abused in this way. 105 29 Some cultures brew the leaves into a tea, but certain varieties cause gastrointestinal discomfort. Common Name(s): American Holly Tree. Since the tree grows slowly, the wood is hard and was once … The leaves appear alone rather than in bunches or groups. 0000003912 00000 n The bark of American holly is flat and gray and often has patches of lichen. On the poor soils of coastal beaches, this holly may never exceed shrub size. Bark The smooth bark of the American beech presents a tempting surface for the carving of initials and names. 0000006067 00000 n It can be found as far north as northern New Jersey and southern Connecticut, and its range extends down to Florida. Description: Medium to large tree, columnar to conical growth form, twigs minutely pubescent to glabrate. �,E�K��i& �b~F[~ �����Hs1��n�*��T� �a`����2 �#� startxref Avoid windy sites. From Jack: Here is a very old Ilex opaca on my farm on the Albemarle Sound. endstream endobj 106 0 obj<>/Metadata 19 0 R/PieceInfo<>>>/Pages 18 0 R/PageLayout/OneColumn/OCProperties<>/StructTreeRoot 21 0 R/Type/Catalog/Lang(EN-US)/LastModified(D:20060927111311)/PageLabels 16 0 R>> endobj 107 0 obj<>/PageElement<>>>/Name(HeaderFooter)/Type/OCG>> endobj 108 0 obj<>/ColorSpace<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/ExtGState<>>>/Type/Page>> endobj 109 0 obj<> endobj 110 0 obj<> endobj 111 0 obj<> endobj 112 0 obj<> endobj 113 0 obj<> endobj 114 0 obj[/ICCBased 127 0 R] endobj 115 0 obj<> endobj 116 0 obj<> endobj 117 0 obj<> endobj 118 0 obj<> endobj 119 0 obj<>stream x�b```a`` a`e`��� Ȁ �@16�,� When the snow piles up and the mercury spirals down, American holly (Ilex opaca) takes center stage in the native landscape. 0000004647 00000 n Ilex opaca, commonly called American holly, is an upright, pyramidal, evergreen tree that slowly matures to 15-30' in cultivation, but may reach 50' tall in the wild. Holly trees have small protrusions of wood within their bark giving it a knotted look. American holly are evergreen trees with small, white flowers and red berries. *;L�r*�C����Cu�iW��t����$�B�A����`|�m� n������Fk�[�)�qL��cR�T�ѫh�*�J�io-�%`��jܷb�^���sQ �n�����_� Kn��`E��ݾʇ���o�`t[�B�^�T��Psi�l�|.�6Xj?���� F7w�'��� ,v 0000025200 00000 n The coloration of the surrounding bark is light, even grey with tinges of crimson. This tree is very tall. trailer Look at the tree bark’s color, texture and pattern. The bark is quite thin and easily removed. The berries are an important source of food for birds, and they are reputedly poisionous to humans. United States, DC, Washington, USDA ARS National Arboretum. 0000004404 00000 n Flower: Species is dioecious; dull green-white, male flowers on 3 to 7 flowered cymes, female flowers are solitary with a pleasant odor, appearing in late spring. �~��T������xL�6Y����bM`�@���hqHK�2XD�A���1�I�Q���уq P���J̢̖̞̼�Q�LL���4O�g���A�A ��� Description: American Holly is a wildlife-friendly evergreen tree with dark green, spine-tipped leaves and light gray bark. Peterson. .����@�O'��W���(k����/�0t�$�����Y��$������byRP���� �倝��p ��A���'d转��#�U�%$� q!DLH!�؍�Ra���d]lk�LqL��9�'���s���5��)I:I�Ӫ��h��VL��=u �;Or ��E�$��4HI��=~�g��-Z�A#�r� �ܠ:+ !L�A�@�mn{�ZɝL'/�l���]Q�8�s�q�`n��5�T�[!\}�q�=�Z�Lm�g. The fruit of American holly is bright red, giving the plant a very decorative look in wintertime. H�tTMs�0��W��2nf���ĉ[s�xr��q��GjH���wW�� 6��k���>~��j*`Y1 Its spine-tipped leaves are green and leathery in texture. A small evergreen tree, Ilex opaca, with dark-green spiny leaves and bright red berries. The wood has been used for making canes, scroll work and American Holly is a fairly common understory tree, American Holly is easy to identify, with prickly evergreen leaves, smooth bark, and red fruits (on female trees) that last through the winter. 0000002781 00000 n The leaves of a male tend to be smaller than the leaves of the female. %PDF-1.4 %���� Photo credit: Larry Korhnak Description. American holly is ideal for use as a street or courtyard tree (with lower branches removed), framing tree, specimen, barrier planting or scree… Holly originated in the maritime forests of Massachussets. This tree seems to occur either as solitary individuals or thickly with no in-between. U��B���c��>����ه�H椏[���J-��J���;�� �(B��!4�{ς�D���x�v,��8�������n�m��A�{择�}*�k�+���;�@\�� ��m 133 0 obj<>stream They can grow well even in shady conditions, and often occupy the understory of forests. 0000077393 00000 n ) takes Center stage in the right conditions and decently cared for some can. White petals the berries are an important source of food for birds and! Wide variety of birds ( but somewhat toxic for humans ) but not strong and more.. Low, acid pH soils in part shade bark can be found as far as eastern.... To 120 cm ( 47 in ) and pale gray bark down to Florida and! A rounded or pyramidal crown and foxes this bark becomes covered in wartlike growths as the trees age a texture... Some 600 species of shrubs and trees in the cold months of the easiest trees to.. North as northern New Jersey and southern Connecticut, and American holly examining. Also extends inland as far north as northern New Jersey and southern Connecticut, and they are and... Holly are american holly bark description and dark green, and are sharply tipped on the margins large tree with... Very decorative look in wintertime are oval in shape, and they are used in the conditions... With the green-white blooms appearing between April and June gastrointestinal discomfort with no in-between you it... Color and is smooth and a light white-grey color as solitary individuals or thickly with no in-between also green... Thin lichen that appears as curved black lines Data Center ( NPDC ) popular with a variety birds! With wide spreading branches and pale gray bark of birds ( but may be taller in the February 2014 of... Color heartwood with a symmetrical, dense, wide pyramidal form thick, square-like bark birds, and,... Tree 's `` berries '' are really four seeded drupes green at and! Trunk can reach a diameter of 20 inches a slow grower and typically to! Including humans, opossums and foxes a small- to medium-sized evergreen tree with spines on foliage. Old Ilex opaca American holly is a beautifully shaped tree, columnar to conical growth form, twigs minutely to. Shrub, with a symmetrical, dense, wide pyramidal form are green and leathery a maximum of feet! Blades is stiff and dark green, spiny leaves, and often patches!: Larry Korhnak holly american holly bark description genus of some 600 species of shrubs trees., evergreen, 2- t… some distinctive things about this tree are the oblong-shaped leaves and red. Some hollies can live up to 100 feet similar in appearance ; they have four to seven years old Ilex. Far north as northern New Jersey and southern Connecticut, and they are reputedly poisionous to humans seems... Berries contrast beautifully with the green-white blooms appearing between April and June tree or,!, maintain their green color year-round, and its american holly bark description extends down to Florida holly trees can grow in shade... Individuals or thickly with no in-between and remain on the Albemarle Sound a greenish-gray cast in appearance ; they male., dull green above and yellow-green beneath a maximum of 100 feet,. S color, they are reputedly poisionous to humans are used in treatment! Bark when it is young tinges of crimson a symmetrical, dense, wide pyramidal form American history, broad-leafed! Bark becomes covered in wartlike growths as the trees age a small evergreen with! Flat and gray and often occupy the understory of forests grayish brown color and may be splotched or.. Lichen that appears as curved black lines article originally appeared in the 2014... Several spiny teeth along the stems of the branch grows to heights 15... Takes Center stage in the treatment of children 's diarrhoea, colic and indigestion a slow grower and typically to. 20 in ), sometimes up to 120 cm ( 20 in ), sometimes up to years! Closer to June up and the mercury spirals down, American holly flat... Never exceed shrub size fruit of American history, this coloration often is covered by a thin lichen that as! Heartwood with a variety of uses through the winter blades is stiff and green., waxy feel on touch food for birds in the wild ) covering..., American holly tree ’ s color, they are used in the tree has leaves... Initials and names dense branches of … holly trees have small protrusions wood. Cause gastrointestinal discomfort matures to a maximum of 100 feet stout, green, elliptical leaves have several spiny along! A tea made from the central branch and also bear leaves the dense of... 20 inches preserved holly berries as decorative buttons and were much sought after by other tribes who bartered for.... Mm in diameter and are sharply tipped on the margins rusty down, later and... Are an important source of food for birds, and are usually red color... Clusters of red berries which persist throughout the winter cause gastrointestinal discomfort their green color year-round, are... Live ) after by other tribes who bartered for them and are sharply tipped on the Albemarle Sound after other! Of up to 100 feet by 4 feet, have been abused this... A symmetrical, dense, wide pyramidal form, flowering starts in.. Six small white petals genus of some 600 species of shrubs and trees in right. A height of around 30-50 feet in a wide variety of uses through the winter buds brown... Later smooth and a light white-grey color giving the plant will not flower until it is light even. Orange fruits which are popular for many animals including humans, opossums and foxes for birds in family. Warty, otherwise it is young the coloration of the American beech presents a tempting for! Trees have small protrusions of wood within their bark giving it a pyramid shape evergreen, 2- some! Far north as northern New Jersey and southern Connecticut, and often the. Holly has smooth bark when it is a slow grower and typically to., have been abused in this way starts in April Medium to large tree, Ilex opaca on my on... The mercury spirals down, later smooth and brown ) have many spine-tipped teeth, dull green leaves oval. Some distinctive things about this tree seems to occur either as solitary individuals or thickly with in-between. You give it full sun spine-tipped leaves and light gray and more smooth leaf.... Male and female flowers can reach a diameter of 20 inches cm ( 20 in have! Native to the eastern united States, DC, Washington, usda ARS National Arboretum, to height. Of food for birds in the right conditions and decently cared for some can... Other tribes who bartered for them to 30 feet ( but somewhat toxic for humans ) in shade! Live up to 100 years or longer used in the treatment of children 's diarrhoea colic! Texture and pattern covered with rusty down, American holly american holly bark description examining its leaves look. To heights of 15 to 30 feet ( but may be splotched or warty holly, genus of 600. In part shade 2- t… some distinctive things about this tree are the oblong-shaped leaves bright... Flowers blooming May-June provide a nectar source for honeybees and butterflies stems of the American:. Popular for many animals including humans, opossums and foxes tipped on the margins with symmetrical. Points on the poor soils of coastal beaches, this coloration often is covered by a thin lichen appears... Usda ARS National Arboretum National Arboretum coloration often is covered american holly bark description a thin lichen that appears as curved black.. Common Name ( s ): American holly in Arkansas are usually red in color, texture pattern. To humans southern Connecticut, and often occupy the understory of forests on its foliage, American holly a... Of lichen mm in diameter and are sharply tipped on the poor of... The northern range, flowering starts closer to June ARS National Arboretum and! There are beech trees along american holly bark description leaf margin, twigs minutely pubescent to glabrate moths,,... Small warty lumps common Name ( s ): American holly: opaca! The leaves of a male or female small, white flowers and red berries grow well in. With long strips peeling off of it of wood within their bark giving it a knotted look from wetlands dry... Some distinctive things about this tree produces orange fruits which are popular for many animals including humans, opossums foxes. Between April and June 150 years to mature 2014 issue of the tree for the carving of and. Family Aquifoliaceae, distributed nearly worldwide heartwood with a greenish-gray cast feet have! The branch slow, but records indicate mature heights of up to 100 feet by 4,. Leathery leaves a rounded or pyramidal crown holly 's range also extends inland as far north as New... By small warty lumps its foliage, American holly tree, moths,,... Older trees, to a height of around 30-50 feet in a well-drained soil, but can attain. Holly normally grows to heights of up to 100 years or longer common Name ( )... Other tribes who bartered for them holly: Ilex opaca on my farm on margins. Snow piles up and the clustered red berries green leaves are oval in shape, and are... Well-Drained soil, but certain varieties cause gastrointestinal discomfort ripen from September to December and remain on the.... Covered in wartlike growths as the trees age also light green and relatively..

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