outline and evaluate factors affecting eyewitness testimony

This recollection is used as evidence to show what happened from a witness' point of view. ... (12 marks)“Outline and evaluate research into how anxiety effects eye witness testimony” (12 marks) Post-event discussion. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Misleading information is where a person may be asked a question to either provoke a specific answer or lead the witness to an out of context situation. We review major developments in the experimental literature concerning the way that various factors relate to the accuracy of eyewitness identification. Factors that Influence EWT Although, eyewitness are relied on frequently there is strong research to suggest it isn’t as reliable as we may think. Project that stated 75% of the 218 people exonerated on the basis of DNA were mistakenly In over 300 cases, the eyewitness testimony was the sole “evidence” used in conviction. Numerous factors may affect the accuracy of eyewitness testimony, which may lead to people being convicted of crimes they did not commit. The significance of eyewitness testimony was highlighted in this report and resulted in much more research being undertaken. Eyewitness testimony is an important area of research in cognitive psychology and human memory. * Deffenbacher – MA of studies found considerable support for a negative correlation between anxiety and EWT meaning the more anxious the less accurate their testimonies were. People who are not at all stressed, and people who are very stressed will be less accurate eyewitnesses that those who are under a moderate amount of stress. This study did not lack mundane realism as the participants were real witnesses. Some witnesses has seen the incident close, while some from further away. There is conflicting evidence about the effect of stress and anxiety on the accuracy of EWT (i.e., the accuracy of witness recall). Laboratory based studies have generally shown impaired recall in people who have witnessed unpleasant or anxiety-inducing situations (e.g., research by Loftus). * Anxiety * Unpleasant emotional state where we fear that something bad is about to happen usually accompanied by physiological arousal (pumping heart) This can be divided into event factors and witness factors. There is also another study, Christianson and Hubinette, interviewed people who had witnessed genuine bank robberies and found that the people who had been subjected to the greatest anxiety had the most detailed and accurate recall. Using trial simulation methods, research demonstrates that jurors are often insensitive to the factors that are known to influence eyewitness memory: stress experienced by the witness, weapon focus, and the influence of suggestive identification procedures. PS280 Psychology and the law face acknowledgment in other races. Half of them were threatened with physical harm and Every year, more than 75,000 eyewitnesses identify criminal suspects in the U.S., and studies suggest that as many as a third of them are wrong. These researchers investigated the impact of leading questions on the accuracy of eyewitness testimony, where the wording/ phrasing of a certain question leads the interviewee to a certain response. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! One of the key findings is that EWT is often inaccurate and is affected by various factors; one being age. 6 AO1 marks would come from a description of relevant research studies. One factor that is thought to have a significant effect on eyewitness memory is the degree of emotional arousal or stress experienced by the witness during the crime. This is solely because human memory is fragile and malleable. Ideally this recollection of events is detailed; however this is not always the case. Research into this area has found that eyewitness testimony can be affected by many psychological factors including anxiety and stress, reconstructive memory and also the use of leading questions. 04 Identify three variables affecting conformity and outline how eachof these was investigated in Asch’s experiment. Eyewitness testimony can create a number of problems for police and prosecutors. Two Caucasian male tar… Factors Affecting the Accuracy of EWT Description, AO1 – Anxiety and EWT: There is conflicting evidence about the effect of stress and anxiety on the accuracy of EWT (i.e., the accuracy of witness recall). Research regularly shows that EWT is affecting by experiences occuring after a witnessed event. Because of this study and other studies psychologist suggest that the accuracy of eyewitness suggest that information given from them is far less reliable than we might have first thought. The model attempts to identify the process that a stimulus must go through to become a retrievable memory. This section of the essay will evaluate the effect of these factors on the reliability of eyewitness testimony. PSHYCHOLOGY OUTLINE AND EVALUATE THE FACTORS AFFECTING THE ACCURACY OF EWT( EYEWITNESS TESTIMONY) One of the most important practical applications of memory research involves EWT (eyewitness testimony). Both of these models propose that memory is a complex phenomenon that must go... ...Should eyewitness testimony be used as evidence in a court of law? military members in a mock prisoner of war camp. During the acquisition process, there are a number of factors that can affect an eyewitness’ report of an event. In the control condition, participants heard an amicable discussion about an equipment failure, a man then appeared from the room with greasy hands holding a pen. Eyewitness testimony is admissible in a court of law to assist in the conviction of individuals. Deffenbacher (1983) was one of the first to investigate the link between anxiety and EWT and after reviewing 21 studies, he found that accuracy is poor when emotional arousal is either high or low, but is better under conditions of moderate arousal. Eyewitness testimony can be an incredibly compelling form of evidence during criminal justice proceedings in Austin. Evaluation: This is a weakness as it goes against Loftus’ finding that anxiety reduces EWT accuracy and suggests that anxiety-creating situations don’t always divert attention from important features of the situation.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'psychologyhub_co_uk-box-4','ezslot_3',113,'0','0'])); (2) Point: Loftus’s study can be criticised as being unethical. They asked participants to estimate the speed of two cars, changing cues provided in the question. In the experimental condition, participants were subject to a hostile discussion, followed by the sound of breaking glass and overturned furniture, a man then emerged from the room holding a knife covered in blood. eyewitness’s do make mistakes on identifying someone and causes that person to be wrongfully Considerable research has addressed how jurors evaluate eyewitness memory and whether their evaluations can be improved. ... 06 Outline and briefly evaluate locus of control as an explanation of resistance to social influence. There are factors that affect the accuracy of eyewitness testimony such as emotions, fundamental attribution bias, face recognition in other races, leading questions and many more. ...Outline and evaluate research into the effects of anxiety on the accuracy of eye witness testimony. Outline and evaluate research into the effect of anxiety on eyewitness performance. There isn’t a simple relationship between emotional arousal and the accuracy of EWT. sleep deprivation they were interrogated. taking inquiries and many more. It has happened time and time again. Moreover the participants were awaiting for something to happen to therefore you result in demand characteristics. ...Eye Witness Testimony Laboratory studies and some ‘real life’ studies have generally shown impaired recall in people who have witnessed particularly distressing or anxiety induced situations. Refers to the use of eye or ear witnesses in court or in police statements about the identity of someone who has committed a crime. By: Megan Hong The multi store /Atkinson-Shiffrin memory model was first recognised in 1968 by Atkinson and Shiffrin. ‘Outline and evaluate research into eyewitness testimony.’ ... one of the main factors is the role of anxiety. Well as information that an individual can provide about a crime time the! 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