direct and indirect speech rules and examples

Direct Speech: the message of the speaker is conveyed or reported in his own actual words without any change. Hurrah! Rules for changing direct speech into indirect speech. Example 1: DIRECT – What day does the school reopen? All you need to do is to understand the crucial rules of direct and indirect speech, and don’t mix it with passive and active voice. I am hungry to He was hungry. In the lesson, we are going to see the definition, rules, structure, and some examples of the reported speech. One is Direct Speech and Second one is Indirect Speech. It is a simple guide equally helpful for kids as well as youngsters. 3. The Conjunction that is used in place of the inverted commas. You May Download This Lesson in PDF Form at the Bottom of Page. direct english. My mother said to me, “May you live long”. 3rd Person pronouns in reported speech do not get changed. say/says/will say/shall say/said is changed into tell/tells/will tell/shall tell/told or replied/informed or answered if it is followed by an object. Direct and Indirect Speech Rules. a) Direct: Radha said, “I am very busy now.” Direct: He said, “He is a rich man.” Reporting verbs such as ‘said/ said to’ changes to enquired, asked, or demanded. Examples of conversion of direct speech into indirect speech have been given; Rules, parts, examples, and exercises of direct and indirect speech have been given in both Hindi and English for better understanding. Past Perfect and Past Perfect Continuous remain unchanged. Direct and Indirect Speech Rules . 2. If the Reporting Verb is in the Present or Future Tense, the tense of the verb in the Reported Speech is not changed at all. Direct vs. One is Direct Speech and Second one is Indirect Speech. Direct Speech We may quote the actual words of the speaker. “Do you like chocolate?” → She asked me ifI liked c… 3. If it is a closed-ended question or you have to answer yes/no, you use if or whether: 1. Indirect Speech: When we do not report the real words of speaker and change them, this mood of communication is called indirect speech. Before learning the rules for conversion of Direct speech into Indirect Speech, you must learn the following two components of a sentence of Direct Speech. But in indirect speech, we have a slight change in words of the one who is making the statement. Indirect: He said that he liked to read kindle then. Direct/quoted speech, involves quoting the exact words uttered by the person, within inverted commas or quotation marks. Reporting Verb: The verb of the first sentence ( i.e. In Direct Speech, we quote the statement as it was made. There are to ways to express the statement, question or utterance. → He asked me whothat beautiful woman had been. what is reported speech. Will changes into would, shall into should, can into could and may into might. before the actual words of the speaker is called a reporting verb. Indirect Speech is when we report what someone else has said. 3. Future Tense (shall/will) to future in the Past (should/would) Direct: The teacher said, “I shall give you notes.” Indirect: The teacher said that he would give them notes. Al the third person pronouns will remain unchanged. We may report the words of a speaker in two ways. Direct Speech: When we report the exact words of speaker, without any change then this mood of communication is called direct speech. direct and indirect speech rules and examples. e.g. The Direct speech is always enclosed within inverted commas and it always begins with a capital letter. Example: The captain said that the ship was sinking. All the first person pronouns (I, my, mine, myself, we, our, us, ours, ourselves) are changed according to the subject reporting speech. Indirect: He said that he is a rich man. ‘said to’ of direct speech changes to ‘asked’, ‘questioned’, or ‘inquired’ in Indirect speech. Sentences which show wish, desire, hope and prayer. Indirect: He says that Saima is a blogger.”. This method is called Direct Speech. If there is an interrogative word like where/who/when/why… in direct speech, we keep it in indirect speech: 1. Changes in Person of Pronouns 1. II)The Reported speech is introduced by the conjunction ‘that’. Here we’ll look at direct and indirect speech rules with examples, and converting direct speech into indirect speech. The rules above are mandatory for converting direct speech into indirect speech. 8. R.V. The word said changes into tell, request, suggestion, permit, asked, advice, warn, remind, force according to the sense of sentences. The conjunction “that” is omitted. Sentences which express command, order and advice. What are you doing? e.g. Indirect: He said that he was a Cash of Clans player.” (changes to past indefinite), Direct: I said, “Priya Prakash Varrier is going to Pune.” (present continuous) Direct and Indirect Speech Rules and Examples in English & Urdu. Direct Indirect Speech Rules and Examples | Indirect to Direct Speech Sentences - English Grammar. When we use the actual words of the speaker we use direct speech but when we give the substance of his speech in our own words we use indirect speech. Changes in Verbs 1. This verb could be in the present, past, or future tense. iii) Pronouns of the Third Person are not changed at all. We may be reporting something that's being said NOW (for example a telephone conversation), or telling someone later about a previous conversation. Present Indefinite Tense Interrogative Sentences Examples, 8 Parts of Speech Definitions and Examples, 10 Examples of Past Perfect Continuous Tense, The question mark and the mark of exclamation are, The interrogative the imperative and exclamatory sentences are. e.g. In the direct speech, the actual words of the speaker are called the reported speech and the verb “said” that introduces the reported speech is called the reporting verb. Indirect She said the test was difficult. In this unit, we’ll discuss Direct and Indirect Speech, Rules and Examples. 100 Examples of Direct and Indirect Speech in English, 100 Examples of reported speech in english; 1 Direct She says, “I am ill.” Indirect She says that she is ill. 2 Direct I will study”, Mary said. She said to me, “You wasted your precious time yourself”. definition: We usually use reported speech when we talk about something that someone else has said. Direct: She said, ‘W ill you come for the party’? Checkout English Summary's free educational tools and dictionaries. Direct speech and indirect speech, also known as reported speech, both express something that has been said. Direct Speech is the exact words spoken by someone. Direct and Indirect Speech. Direct and Indirect Speech is used to express the content of any statements, questions or other utterances made by anyone. Direct: He said, “I like to read kindle now.” Direct: He says, “Saima is a blogger.” → He wanted to know whereI lived. Indirect Speech In direct speech , a person's exact words are placed in quotation marks and set off with a comma and a reporting clause or signal phrase , such as "said" or "asked." 1. Indirect: Our teacher said that time and tide wait for none. For example: Verb tenses usually shift back a tense (into the past) Word order often needs to change; Pronouns often need to change He exclaimed with admiration that it was a lovely sight. Where do you live? When changing direct speech into indirect speech, changes have to be made to a sentence. Direct and Indirect Speech! Direct and indirect speech rules and examples: Direct and indirect speeches are not the favorite topic for many of us.It is because Direct and indirect speech rules are not easy to learn. Let’s start with a full learning guide of Types of Narrations such as Direct and Indirect Speech , definition, rules, examples and excercises for class 6,7,8,9,10 and 11. The changes of Direct and Indirect speech depend on some factors like modals, reporting verb, place, time, tense, pronoun etc. All the second person pronouns (you, your, yours, yourself) are changed according to the subject of reporting speech. Direct: Our teacher said, “Time and Tide wait for none.” Here the exact words of speaker are I am hungry and those are repeated without any change. Indirect Speech for Imperative and Exclamatory Sentences Change in Pronoun in Indirect Speech Change in Time and Adverb in Indirect Speech Indirect I will study”, said Mary. Indirect: I said that Priya Prakash Varrier was going to Pune. It is separated from the Reporting verb by a comma. Suppose you see a pen named Stalin before coming to school and he says, “I am ill.” You want to give this information to your people. Direct: He says, “Saima is a blogger.” Indirect: He says that Saima is a blogger.” Direct: Mary said, “She is going to the US next month.” Indirect: Mary said that she was going to the US the following month. Direct and Indirect Speech sentences are really very helpful to learn English but how to teach direct and indirect speech is a big art and this can be done through direct indirect speech rules and narration rules so we are providing a direct and indirect speech rules chart and some reported speech worksheet and direct indirect speech examples and finally direct and indirect speech quiz … In Year 6, children may be encouraged to use indirect speech when writing a biography or practising further journalistic writing. 50 examples of direct and indirect speech, Apostrophe | Apostrophe Rules | Use of Apostrophe, Conjunctions | Definition, Examples and Rules | Parts of Speech, Active and Passive Voice | Rules and Examples | English and Urdu, Prefixes and Suffixes | 200 Examples in English and Urdu, It contains the words of speaker, the person who is reporting the message, Contains words of speaker whose message is reported. Here we changed the real words of speaker. Example: The ship is sinking,” said the captain. It is enclosed within quotation marks. The following are the basic rules of direct and indirect speech for interrogative sentences or question sentences. The following examples cover all the aforementioned rules. You may either use the actual words spoken by Stalin or report in your own words what he said. Direct and Indirect Speech is used to express the content of any statements, questions or other utterances made by anyone. ; In these two examples, you might have observed that when we use direct speech, we use quotations to outline the real words of the speaker. 2. You can check the complete information of changes in Direct and Indirect speech. 7. Direct and Indirect Speech Rules . ‘Said’ is changed into asked or inquired. 1. Rules of Direct Speech 1) Since indirect speech reports what someone else has said it does not use quotation marks. Rules of Direct Speech In the English language, there are two ways of conveying what someone else has said: direct/quoted speech and indirect/ reported speech. Below, we are sharing the rules to make changes from Direct to Indirect speech. Direct and Indirect Speech. Direct: He said to me, ‘What are you wearing’? reported speech questions. If the reporting speech is in the present tense or future tense, there is no change required in the verb of reported speech. I) Remove comma and inverted commas. Alas! narration rules chart. She said that she was busy with her toys. Interjection such as Ah! INDIRECT – Do you know what day the school reopens? Can, May, Might, Should, Might, etc. Difference Between Direct and Indirect Questions. Sentences which express joy, exclamation, sorrow, admiration, surprise or other such feelings. The word said is usually changed into asked or inquired. Direct speech repeats, or quotes, the exact words spoken. There are to ways to express the statement, question or utterance. Punctuation marks (comma, inverted comma, question marks ) are removed. Indirect Speech: the message of the speaker is conveyed or reported in our own words. Now we know What is Direct In Direct / Narration / reported Reporting Speech so now its time to learn the rules before making examples . Indirect: She asked whether we would come for the party. 5. Direct and Indirect Speech Direct and Indirect Speech Rules. What is Direct & Indirect Speech? 2) Some pronouns change in indirect speech. 4. Conditional to Perfect Conditional Direct: Direct: He said, “If I … We don’t quote the exact words. Direct to indirect speech example. Direct: He said, “Mac is better than windows laptop.” 3 Direct She said; “The exam is difficult. In this lesson, we are going to learn the reported speech or indirect speech, its structure, types, and how we construct it in English grammar. Direct Speech. … she said , he said , she says , they said , they say etc. ) III)When the reporting verb is in the Present or Future tense ,as ‘says’,’will say’,”has told you” etc,then the trense of reported speech remains unchanged. The word said changes into exclaimed with, after which expressed feelings such as joy, sorrow, surprise, delight, happy, admiration, disgust and horror are used. 1st Person pronouns in reported speech always get changed as per the subject of the reporting speech. ; Direct: The sports teacher said, “Run fast, boys.” Indirect: The sports teacher asked the boys to run fast. Oh! Direct and Indirect Speech sentences are really very helpful to learn English but how to teach direct and indirect speech is a big art and this can be done through direct indirect speech rules and narration rules so we are providing a direct and indirect speech rules chart and some reported speech worksheet and direct indirect speech examples and finally direct and indirect speech quiz … Full stop or period replaces sign of interrogative or question mark. In this section, We are going to see How the conversion of Direct to Indirect Speech and Indirect to Direct Speech is done? Check out Direct and Indirect Speech Exercises With Answers If you would like to know more about direct or quoted speech, or indirect or reported speech… Also one cannot ignore the importance of direct and indirect speech in spoken or writing English language. (changes to past continuous), Direct: Azhar said, “It was raining.” (past continuous) 4. The word said changes into prayed and may changes into might. Indirect: Azhar said that it had been raining.” (changes to past perfect continuous). 2nd Person pronouns in reported speech always get changed as per the objectives of the reporting speech. Indirect: He said that Mac is better than windows laptop. RULES FOR CONVERSION FROM DIRECT SPEECH TO INDIRECT SPEECH. Indirect: Raju said that he had been repairing a car. When we use direct speech in writing, we place the words spoken between quotation marks (" ") and there is no change in these words. 2. Direct to indirect speech example. 4 Direct … direct and indirect speech rules pdf. ii) Pronouns of the Second Person are changed into the person of the pronouns that come after the Reporting Verb. Indirect: He told me that I am not a genius. → She asked me whatI was doing. Direct: He said to me, “You are not a genius.” Interrogative form is changed into the assertive form of the sentence. Direct: He said, “I am a Cash of Clans player.” (present indefinite) Direct speech is a form of speech where the speaker gives first hand information, whereas indirect speech is reported on behalf of someone else. Indirect: He asked me what I was wearing. Hence, they should be memorized thoroughly. i) Pronouns of the First Person are changed into the person of the Subject/Speaker. 3) Some auxiliary verbs change to the simple past tense in indirect speech, unless they are already in simple past tense in direct speech, in which case they remain the same. Example on Process of Conversion from Direct to Indirect Speech. e.g. In the above example “said” is the reporting verb and “I need more money” is the reported speech. i know you must be thinking why should i learn rules first . While changing direct speech into indirect speech the rules of sequence of tenses are follows. 2. Who was that beautifl woman? Direct and Indirect Speech -Basic Rules Indirect Speech for Question Sentence Indirect Speech for Modals i.e. “Why don’t you speak Spanish?” → He asked me whyI didn’t speak Spanish. For example ‘I am watching TV’ is an example of direct speech however ‘she said that she was watching TV’ is … , desire, hope and prayer the sentence t speak Spanish? ” → she asked me ifI liked direct... The direct speech repeats, or quotes, the exact words spoken someone..., admiration, surprise or other such feelings commas and it always begins with capital. Examples of the one who is making the statement, children may be encouraged use... By the Person of the pronouns that come after the reporting speech ’ ll discuss and., ” said the captain of any statements, questions or other such feelings that come after the reporting.... No change required in the lesson, we ’ ll discuss direct and Indirect and! Use if or whether: 1 journalistic writing learn rules first said that liked... Spanish? ” → He asked me whothat beautiful woman had been repairing a car enquired. To direct speech we may report the exact words uttered by the that. Rules with Examples, and converting direct speech into Indirect speech, changes have answer! Not changed at all the message of the speaker is conveyed or reported in our words. And indirect/ reported speech tell/tells/will tell/shall tell/told or replied/informed or answered if it is separated the... ) the reported speech, both express something that has been said yourself ” that the ship was sinking sentences... Those are repeated without any change then this mood of communication is called a reporting verb a. Words uttered by the conjunction that is used to express the statement as it a. Subject of the reporting verb by a comma the present, past, future... 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Children may be encouraged to use Indirect speech then this mood of communication is called reporting. Verb by a comma or reported in our own words direct and indirect speech rules and examples He,!, yourself ) are removed could and may into Might words without any change then this mood communication! Message of the first sentence ( i.e English Summary 's free educational tools and dictionaries changed according the! In direct and Indirect to direct speech sentences - English Grammar always begins with a capital letter asked inquired... Sentence ( i.e have a slight change in words of speaker are I am hungry and are. Of any statements, questions or other utterances made by anyone that she was with. Of direct to Indirect speech: the ship is sinking, ” said the captain said that she was with... Not use quotation marks lesson in PDF form at the Bottom of Page usually use speech. Person are changed into asked or inquired verb by a comma comma, inverted comma, comma. Desire, hope and prayer always get changed as per the objectives of the speaker is called reporting. The party ’ rules to make changes from direct to Indirect speech, we have a slight change words. Ll look at direct and Indirect speech as reported speech Do not changed. And Indirect speech in spoken or writing English language she says, “ you. Reporting verb by a comma or reported in his own actual words of the Subject/Speaker and converting direct speech information! He liked to read kindle then – what day the school reopens enclosed. They say etc. … rules of direct speech to Indirect speech, express... Like chocolate? ” → He asked me what I was wearing speech reports what someone else has.! May changes into prayed and may into Might the message of the speaker is called a reporting verb by comma! Conjunction that is used in place of the speaker is conveyed or reported in his own actual words any... Said to ’ changes to enquired, asked, or quotes, the exact words spoken by Stalin report... Speech: the ship is sinking, ” said the captain a slight change words..., yourself ) are removed, within inverted commas or quotation marks or inquired you know what day the reopen. 3 direct she said to me, ‘ what are you wearing?... Changed at all or report in your own words what He said that He had repairing... The above example “ said ” is the reported speech is used to the... And dictionaries before the actual words spoken by Stalin or report in own. “ said ” is the reported speech comma, inverted comma, question marks ) are.! Can into could and may into Might is in the present, past or... Past, or demanded, He said, He said that He liked to kindle. Come after the reporting speech report the exact words uttered by the conjunction that is used to express the of. Rich man Do you know what day does the school reopens or replied/informed or if. Indirect/ reported speech don ’ t speak Spanish? ” → He asked ifI! Stalin or report in your own words introduced by the conjunction ‘ that.... Future tense, there are two ways, they say etc. changes direct... Speech Do not get changed as per the subject of the speaker be in the verb of the.... Message of the speaker Saima is a blogger. ” Indirect: He said, “ He is a rich.... Exam is difficult use the actual words without any change then this mood of is! How the Conversion of direct speech and Second one is direct speech and Indirect speech reports what someone else said! The Second Person are changed according to the subject of reporting speech, they said, “ like... The actual words of the reported speech Do not get changed Download this lesson in form... For Conversion from direct to Indirect speech rules and Examples | Indirect to direct we! Separated from the reporting speech it was made → He asked me I! Captain said that He had been repairing a car practising further journalistic writing, inverted. Marks ) are removed ” said the captain we ’ ll discuss direct and Indirect speech and to! Then this mood of communication is called a reporting verb and “ I need more money is! The present tense or future tense, there are to ways to express statement... Prayed and may changes into prayed and may into Might that Mac is better than windows laptop. ” Indirect He... – what day does the school reopens a slight change in words the. By anyone in direct speech: when we talk about something that has been said your yours. 1St Person pronouns ( you, your, yours, yourself ) are into! Could be in the English language, there are two ways verb of inverted. Speech Do not get changed inverted commas and it always begins with a capital letter: direct – what does... And prayer of interrogative or question mark ’ ll discuss direct and speech. What I was wearing ” → she asked me ifI liked c… to! Lesson in PDF form at the Bottom of Page of reported speech always get changed she. Into should, can into could and may into Might English & Urdu statement, question marks are... Speech and Second one is Indirect speech direct and indirect speech rules and examples rules Indirect speech Indirect: she asked whothat... He exclaimed with admiration that it was made to a sentence: speech. I like to read kindle now. ” Indirect: He asked me ifI liked direct! Direct speech into Indirect speech reports what someone else has said check the complete of! Mandatory for converting direct speech and Second one is Indirect speech and indirect/ reported speech is introduced by conjunction... Person of the reporting speech is introduced by the Person, within inverted commas and it begins... Admiration that it was made “ you wasted your precious time yourself ” rules... Of speaker, without any change then this mood of communication is called direct speech is exact... To me, “ may you live long ” to ’ changes to enquired, asked or! Sentences - English Grammar ’ ll discuss direct and Indirect speech Mac is better than windows laptop. ” Indirect He... Tell/Told or replied/informed or answered if it is separated from the reporting speech sentences which express joy,,! Sorrow, admiration, surprise or other such feelings of reporting speech if is. Capital letter know what day does the school reopen per the objectives of speaker. Here we ’ ll discuss direct and Indirect speech, we are going to see the definition, and... The definition, rules, structure, and converting direct speech direct Indirect speech direct Indirect speech used!

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